THC extraction is the process responsible for getting the marijuana concentrates that many consumers have grown to know and love. This process is very intricate. Therefore, when extracting oil from cannabis, it would be wise to use pure ingredients to get quality concentrate. For this reason, getting the best raw materials is paramount for your success in this highly competitive industry.
Extracting THC can either be done using a solvent or through a solventless process. Many concentrate producers prefer using solvents since they are cheaper and more practical on a large scale.
This method involves soaking cannabis inside solvents to dissolve the terpenes and cannabinoids. After that, the solvents are evaporated off to ensure only pure concentrate remains with as little solvent residue as possible. Therefore, the purity and quality of the solvents you use must be superb to guarantee excellent yields.
There are plenty of solvents available for weed oil extraction. Each has its pros and cons; thus, it would be wise to cut your teeth on the one that will fit your needs. Here's an in-depth look at the most common cannabis oil extractor processes to help you make calculated decisions in your business.
What does THC Extraction Do?
Essentially, cannabis extraction is the process of isolating desirable compounds like THC and CBD from the marijuana plant to enhance the quality of cannabis for consumers. Therefore, THC extraction is what yields cannabis extracts such as dabs, live resin, oils, hash, and wax.
Even so, there are numerous methods of marijuana extraction with varying degrees of success. They include alcohol extraction, hydrocarbon extraction, CO2 extraction, and more. Picking a suitable one can help your business get excellent results and success. On the other hand, a poor choice can be detrimental to your business.
These cannabis oil extractor methods can be grouped into two main processes; solvent extraction and solvent-free extraction.
Solvent-Free Cannabis Extraction
The solvent-free methods of THC oil extraction utilize special marijuana processing equipment to acquire concentrates from the cannabis plant. Hence, such cannabis oil extraction techniques don't rely on other compounds and chemicals to separate THC or CBD from plant material. Solvent-free weed extraction processes can be costly and impractical for large-scale processing firms.
Additionally, since it involves subjecting plant material to high pressures and temperatures, it requires significant machinery. Consequently, this limits progress and the ability to scale your business. Hence, many cannabis processing firms opt for solvents used for THC extraction.
How to Extract THC with Solvents
Solvents have proven to be the most practical and feasible way of cannabis oil extraction on large scales. There are different types of solvents used for THC extraction. Some of the most popular ones include butane, propane, and ethanol.
This procedure works by dissolving the trichome heads found in the cannabis plant inside liquid solvents. The extraction solvent is then separated from the plant material and evaporated in a vacuum oven to ensure minimal residual solvent. Doing this leaves behind pure weed resin extract.
Solvents used for THC extraction can be divided into two groups; polar and non-polar solvents.
Polar solvents like ethanol extract both polar and non-polar compounds from the marijuana plant. For this reason, water-soluble elements like chlorophyll are likely to be extracted alongside terpenes and cannabinoids.
On the other hand, non-polar solvents like butane only extract non-polar compounds from the cannabis plant. In this case, oils and lipids in the trichome heads are the only subjects.
Many of the solvents used for THC extraction are highly flammable. Therefore, you should exercise caution when performing cannabis oil extractor procedures. Also, it will be best if you use the appropriate cannabis oil extraction equipment.
Common Solvents Used In Cannabis Extraction
Cannabis producers and concentrate manufacturers always strive to find the best dispensary supplies to create the purest quality extracts. Here's a look at some of the most preferred solvents currently in use.
Propane is one of the most popular solvents for THC oil extraction. It is non-polar and has a low boiling point, making it a practical choice for maximizing the purity of your yield.
Butane is another popular solvent choice for many concentrate producers since it is cheap and non-toxic. It's also great for capturing cannabinoids and can easily be purged (evaporated) to get high-quality concentrates.
Hexane is also an excellent solvent choice as it has properties similar to butane. Although hexane is considerably harder to find, dedicated wholesale stores like ours can provide your marijuana extraction firm with these valuable cannabis supplies. Hexane extraction also requires a lot of safety and care since it is very flammable.
Isopropanol is cheap and easily accessible. Otherwise known as isopropyl alcohol, it is among the safest solvents for THC alcohol extraction. Isopropyl alcohol weed tincture is easy to work with and produces non-toxic yields.
Pentane is less toxic than other non-polar solvents like butane. It also has a low boiling point, meaning there is usually minimal residue left after purging a THC pentane wash. These qualities make it a great alternative for THC extraction.
Acetone used for extraction is an organic and non-toxic solvent. Hence, it is ideal for making products that are meant for consumption and acetone dabs. However, you must precisely follow the acetone extraction procedure to get the best results.
Heptane has a relatively higher boiling point than other solvents but is non-polar. Plus, it has a slightly different extraction procedure from the widely known pentane extraction method. This variation allows it to separate various plant components into layers that can be collected individually.
How to Extract THC using Isopropyl Alcohol
Many people consider extracting THC with alcohol the easiest and most accessible method of cannabis oil extraction. It's because it doesn't require expensive solvent extraction equipment. Isopropyl alcohol, or rubbing alcohol, is a staple for THC and CBD alcohol extraction. Nevertheless, some experts suggest that ethanol extraction for CBD and THC is safer than iso weed extraction.
The cannabis oil alcohol extraction process is referred to as Quick Wash Isopropyl (QWISO). It involves stripping the trichomes from the cannabis plant material to create potent hash oil. Here's everything you need to know to go about this method.
What you need:
At least 10 grams of marijuana buds
70 to 99 percent isopropyl alcohol
A clean glass bowl
A glass mason jar
A plastic container
Paper coffee filters
A razor blade for gathering the extract
Preparation for cannabis oil alcohol extraction often begins several hours before the actual procedure. First, you must grind the marijuana buds into a small jar. Then, freeze the cannabis and the isopropyl THC extraction solvent before mixing them. The trichomes in the buds usually fall off much easier in low temperatures.
Once the buds are sufficiently cold, pour the isopropyl alcohol into the jar containing the marijuana. It's important to ensure that the buds are entirely submerged to get the most out of them.
Next, close the lid and shake the mixture vigorously for about 30 seconds. Ensure you don't overdo it since shaking the jar for too long can extract too much chlorophyll, which has a bitter taste.
After that, pour the mixture through a sieve and filter the solution through the paper coffee filters. The filtration process could take a while since the paper filters only allow liquids to pass through, sieving any small plant material. You can use any leftover isopropyl alcohol to maximize your yield.
After the filtration, you should have a transparent liquid with a dull green shade. Pour the solution into a mason jar and allow the solvent to evaporate in a well-ventilated room. Once there isn't any liquid on the mason jar, use a razor blade to gather the solid particles on the sides of the container.
The sticky, waxy substance you retrieve is a concentrate that could contain up to 70 percent THC. Even so, isopropyl alcohol is not fit for consumption. Therefore, you must ensure that all the alcohol evaporates before acquiring your yield.
How to Make Dabs with Solvents
Dabs are concentrated versions of butane hash oil (BHO). They also go by the name budder, wax, or shatter and contain high concentrations of THC. Dabs are arguably the most widespread types of marijuana concentrates and have a very straightforward cannabis oil extractor procedure.
The cannabis oil extraction method for dabs is similar to other procedures that rely on solvents. Marijuana plant material is dissolved in the solvent - in this case, butane - and then purged to remove all residual solvent. Unlike ethanol extraction for CBD and THC, this procedure utilizes a non-polar solvent. Therefore, it doesn't extract water-soluble compounds like chlorophyll.
Consequently, this results in a much cleaner extraction with higher concentrations of THC. Moreover, as cutting-edge cannabis extraction equipment continues to develop, manufacturers have been able to get better quality yields.
Where to Buy Solvents Used for THC Extraction Online
Marijuana Packaging is the best place to get solvents for THC extraction. Whether you need cannabis oil alcohol solvents or any other type of chemical for your cannabis oil extractor needs, we've got you covered. You can also count on us for top-notch marijuana processing equipment for your business.
Our online store is the go-to place for THC solvent extraction. We carry a wide variety of solvent THC extractors that can cater to the needs of manufacturing firms, regardless of their size.
You can find a wide range of solvents in various quantities, from 55-gallon drums to 270-gallon tanks. Furthermore, the solvents sold in our store come in different grades to suit the needs of different organizations. Whether you want American Chemical Society (ACS)-grade chemicals or standard solvents suited for educational purposes, you can always count on us.
What's more, we also have a myriad of dispensary packaging options to match your products. You can also find other necessities for cannabis businesses and even additional products like flavorful terpenes for sale. Marijuana Packaging is definitely a one-stop shop.
THC solvent extraction is an intricate procedure that needs specific tools to get the best results. Getting the right quality is essential whether you like ethanol extraction for CBD and THC or prefer any other solvents.
For this reason, you should always source your chemicals from a trustworthy supplier. MJ Scientific provides a variety of solvents that are specifically designed for THC extraction equipment cleaning. There are a variety of solvents that can be used for THC extraction, including CDA 12A, isopropyl alcohol, acetone, hexane, and more. Our solvents are available for sale in bulk! Check out our various THC extraction solvents and how they can help you get the most out of your cannabis extraction equipment.
Frequently Asked Questions About Cannabis Extraction Solvents
Do solvents remain in my product after processing?
Once heated up to the boiling point of the chemical solvent, residue left by solvents will be either negligible or completely evaporated.
What does purity mean and how does it affect my yield?
Higher purities in chemical solvents generally correlate directly with price. High purities have a direct effect on the quality of the yield.
What are the advantages of solvents over other extraction methods such as solventless or CO2?
The primary benefit of solvents is scale. It is significantly easier to scale your production with solvents, with some results leading 10-20x compared to solventless. Additionally, other methods such as CO2 extraction may be more expensive, and even less safe.